Other highlights include the First Chamber, notable for its painted medallions depicting statesmen and the portrait of King William II under the country's coat of arms.
The Second Chamber - the legislative authority that watches over the government - sat in the former ballroom from 1815 until 1992.
The city is growing quickly but has a well-preserved and protected medieval centre.
The Hague (Den Haag) - the third largest city in the Netherlands - is the seat of the country's government, and home to the Royal Family.
It's also a city full of history, many splendid museums and art galleries, and countless entertainment opportunities.
The Netherlands was the third country in the world to have an elected parliament, and since 1848 it has been governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, organised as a unitary state.
The Netherlands has a long history of social tolerance and is generally regarded as a liberal country, having legalised abortion, prostitution and euthanasia, while maintaining a progressive drugs policy.